Ramsey County, Minnesota, is part of a growing movement that is reevaluating how to measure success in welfare-to-work programs. Rather than client meetings best summed up as detached compliance checks and timesheet audits, employment counselors helping clients to critically self-assess their circumstances, draft long-term plans, and chart their own career paths. This holistic approach employs over 20 nuanced indicators of success in categories related to job retention, educational attainment, and engagement with workforce development resources — not just whether the clients are employed. Counselors are also working with their clients to learn about and address the particular background issues that may be preventing them from staying employed. Further, the state has created a “self-support index” that studies how people are doing three years after first receiving assistance. The county is still studying whether their approach is more effective than traditional welfare counseling, but initial results look promising.