The Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians hav e long depended on the fish that live in Red Lake, the sixth largest body of freshwater in the Un ited States. Both the waters and walleye of the lake are central to t he Red Lake Band people, it s history, economy, and culture. But by the mid-1990s, the walleye popul ation had collapsed from over-fishing. Taking drastic but necessary action, the Band neg otiated a consensus arrangem ent with local fishermen and state and federal officials to ban fishing in the la ke. Over a ten-year per iod the fish recovered at an astonishing rate. The tribally led Red Lake Recovery Projec t now determines when, how, and who can fish the historic waters from which the Band claims its name.