November 1, 2001
Center for Business and Government, John F. Kennedy School of Government

Over the past decade, the United States and many European countries have developed new approaches to environmental policy that are voluntary, collaborative, and information-based. These programs are attempts to engage industry in significant environmental improvements through dialogue, consensus-building, and voluntary action rather than the imperatives of direct regulation or the incentives of market-based approaches. This report examines the effectiveness of these innovative policies, focusing particularly on how these approaches can provide opportunities and incentives for private-sector leadership in environmental protection, and whether they can be effective in stimulating beyond compliance behavior and the development and diffusion of environmentally superior technologies.
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