October 2017
  • emergency workers at disaster site

In Part 1 of this article we described the origin and adoption of the National Incident Management System (NIMS) in the US and explored factors related to its successful implementation by agencies subject to the congressional mandate. In many studies of NIMS implementation, analysts have focused on first response organisations, such as police, firefighters, and EMTs. If emergency response is to operate as a substantially integrated system in major crises, however, it is crucial that not only first responders, but also others who will be involved should be ready and able to use NIMS effectively. This second part of the article focuses on surface transportation.