October 1, 2005
Publication:
Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University
This paper was prepared for the Program on Education Policy and Governance conference: Mobilizing the Private Sector for Public Education. The conference, held on October 5 and 6, 2005 at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, was co-sponsored by the World Bank. 
 
Introduction: The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the Indian experience with private and public schooling. It does four things: (i) shows how the enrolment share of different school-types has changed over time, (ii) illustrates from Indian literature on the relative effectiveness and costs of government, aided and private schools, (iii) discusses the experience of public-private partnerships in education in India and (iv) summarises issues relating to the school-choice debate in India in light of recent/current educational legislation.
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