Among neighborhood-focused, comprehensive crime control and revitalization strategies emerging nationwide are those now under way in Savannah and Baltimore. Both cities have developed programs that combine law enforcement, economic development, human services, and community organizing in attempts to affect major improvements in public safety and the quality of community life. The Showcase Savannah program, begun in 1987, and Baltimore's Sandtown program, begun in 1990, have not been formally evaluated; thus, whether their approach works remains an open question. It is still possible, though, to address issues of major interest in considering the prospects for comprehensive community strategies. Do these programs, on their face, make sense? Can they in fact be designed and implemented? How does the oft-endorsed concept of "empowerment" of communities play out in practice? Do the two programs converge in any operational or administrative innovations?