2001-2002 winner
Winners:
Jinhua Municipality, Zhejiang Province
2001-2002
Publication:
Innovations and Excellence in Local Chinese Governance in China
Sponsored By:
Innovations and Excellence in Local Chinese Governance in China
Jurisdiction:
China
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Jinhua Municipality of Zhejiang Province initiated a practice of auditing leaving-post leading cadres at all levels in the city, including top Party leaders and responsible administrators of enterprises that are wholly or partially owned by the state.
 
As early as 1995, the Party Discipline Inspection Committee, together with the Department of Institutions of the Jinhua Party committee, the Auditing Bureau, and the Supervision Bureau of Jinhua Municipal People's Government jointly made public Rules for Auditing Leading Cadres Who Leave Their Positions or Are Relocated, and they implemented these rules immediately. In 1998, After two years of practice and exploration, the Auditing Bureau of Jinhua Municipal Government, the agency that is responsible for its implementation, issued Provisional Operational Rules for Auditing Leading Cadres for Economic Liabilities and thus brought the work onto the road of standardization and formalization. In February 2000, Jinhua Municipality further established the United Meeting for Auditing Economic Responsibilities, which has representatives of the Party Discipline Inspection Committee, the Department of Institution of Jinhua Party committee, the Auditing Bureau, and the Supervision Bureau of Jinhua Municipal People's Government.
 
In the past two years, at the same time as carrying out auditing of leading members' leaving-post economic responsibilities, the Auditing Bureau of Jinhua Municipal People's Government further carried out in-office auditing of leading members at various levels of municipal, county and town governments (mainly for responsible leading members). This is a revolving process, three years for a round, thus reaching the aim of normalizing the supervision of cadres, preventing them from corruption and protecting their political life.
 
This creative system established in Jinhua Municipality has important social significance and value for spreading and preventing corruption at the grass-root level as China reforms and opens to the outside world. Zhejiang Province started spreading this system in the province as early as 1996 and has obtained many good results. In 1999, the General Office of the Communist Party of China and the General Office of State Council jointly issued the Provisional Operational Rules for Auditing Leading Cadres Under County Level for Economic Liabilities. Since then, this creative system has spread nationwide. As this is an extension of the work of auditing, it generally does not need additional resources and institution, and so it is a cost-effective system.
 
The auditing of economic liabilities of leading cadres strengthens the monitoring of leading cadres, especially responsible leading members of the Party and government; as a result, the practice improves the Party's working style, keeps the government clean, normalizes the economic order, enhances the sense of responsibility and administrative ability of leading cadres, promotes social and economic development, and provides benefits to the state and the public.
 
Since 1997, Jinhua has carried out auditing involving RMB several hundred millions of economic liabilities of 602 major leading cadres. Among those audited, 31 were promoted, 262 were transferred to new positions, 37 were removed or assigned to lower positions, 10 were dismissed, eight were prosecuted for criminal liabilities, and 13 were punished for violating Party disciplines or government discipline.
 
In recent years, Jinhua Municipality has made great innovations in eliminating corruption and cleaning up government, and this has promoted local economic development. One of the innovations in particular, the auditing of economic liabilities of leading cadres, deserves to be widely implemented because it is very creative and significant.