October 1, 2004
National Institue of Justice

More and more law enforcement agencies are using impact munitions as part of their weapons arsenals. These less-lethal devices give police the means to subdue and arrest potentially dangerous individuals and to disperse unruly crowds with less chance of injury or death to suspects, innocent bystanders, or themselves. Unfortunately, little is known about the circumstances under which impact munitions have been used or the physical effects they have on individuals in the field. This study seeks to fill that knowledge gap.

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