The rapid diffusion of fast-track strategies for gender equality in elected office that has occurred since the early-1990s raises a series of questions. What fast-track strategies are available? Where and why have these policies been adopted and, in some cases, abandoned? And what can be learned from the conditions which lead these strategies to ratchet up the number of women in elected office? This study examines these issues and discusses their implications. Part I provides a global overview of developments and trends. Part II focuses upon comparing the detailed case studies of Iraq (illustrating the implementation of statutory gender quotas) and Afghanistan (using reserved seats). Part III considers the underlying conditions leading towards the effectiveness of these arrangements. Part IV summarizes the conclusions.