The slide presentations are available at the bottom of this page.
Miami Dade County established the nation's first drug court in 1989, aiming to reduce crime related to substance abuse and dependence without jeopardizing public safety or due process, and thus increase trial capacity for more serious criminal cases. This was accomplished through a model of assessment, judicial monitoring and supervision, graduated sanctions and rewards, and treatment services, managed by a nonadversarial and multidisciplinary team.
As of 2005, 1,550 drug courts were operating in the United States, as were a host of other specialized, "problem solving" courts. But with decreased funding at all government levels, drug court expansion is no longer a foregone conclusion.
The National Institute of Justice and other agencies are now funding drug court studies that raise the standard beyond anecdotal observation. In this online event, sponsored by the Government Innovators Network and the NIJ, a panel of drug treatment and court experts discussed research on adult drug court outcomes and costs, and the factors that affect program implementation and impact.
U.S. Department of Justice
* USDOJ, National Institute of Justice. (2006). Drug Courts: The Second Decade.
Gebelein, Richard S. (May 2000). "The Rebirth of Rehabilitation: Promise and Perils of Drug Courts," Sentencing & Corrections.
USDOJ, Bureau of Justice Assistance. (2004). Defining Drug Courts: The Key Components.
USDOJ, National Institute of Justice. (Aug 1998). "Drug Courts and the Role of Graduated Sanctions," NIJ Research Preview.
USDOJ, Bureau of Justice Assistance. (2005). Drug Courts: An Effective Strategy for Communities Facing Methamphetamine.
Huddleston, C.West, Karen Freeman-Wilson, Douglas B. Marlowe, and Aaron Roussell. (2005). Painting the Current Picture: A National Report Card on Drug Courts and Other Problem Solving Court Programs in the United States. Vol 1, Issue 2.
Bureau of Justice Assistance - Drug Court Discretionary Grant Program
Bureau of Justice Assistance - Drug Court Clearinghouse (at American University)
Center for Court Innovation
Drug Courts - Main web page
Cissner, Amanda B. and Michael Rempel. (2005). The State of Drug Court Research.
Rempel, Michael, Dana Fox-Kralstein, Amanda Cissner, et al. (2003). Executive Summary: The New York State Adult Drug Court Evaluation.
Fox, Aubrey, and Greg Berman. (2002). "Going to Scale: A Conversation About the Future of Drug Courts."
U.S. General Accounting Office. (1997). Drug Courts: Overview of Growth, Characteristics, and Results.
U.S. General Accounting Office. (2005). Adult Drug Courts: Evidence Indicates Recidivism Reductions and Mixed Results for Other Outcomes.
[Meta-analysis] Aos, Steve, Marna Miller, and Elizabeth Drake. (2006). Evidence-Based Public Policy
Options to Reduce Future Prison Construction, Criminal Justice Costs, and Crime Rates.
Carey, Shannon M., Dave Crumpton, Michael W. Finigan, and Mark Waller. (2005). California Drug Courts: A Methodology for Determining Costs and Benefits. [Executive summary recommended]
National Center for State Courts - Problem-Solving Courts Resource Center