The Ethekwini Water and Sanitation Programme (WSP) was established in 2001 to provide communities in the newly incorporated areas of the Unicity with water and sanitation services. These areas had recently been affected by outbreaks of cholera because they had traditionally been under served in terms of water and sanitation provision. Ethekwini Water and Sanitation (EWS) has embarked on a free basic water and basic sanitation programme for disadvantaged communities to improve their current and long-term health status. In technical terms this involves the provision to every household an affordable, sustainable, environmentally-friendly infrastructure as follows: (1) a sustainable supply of potable water in terms of a 200 liter ground tank for each household, connected to a water supply. (2) a ventilated improved urine diversion toilet which is safe, reliable, environmentally sound, easy to keep clean, provides privacy and protection against weather, is well ventilated, keeps smells to a minimum and prevents the exit of flies and other disease-carrying pests.