Electronic rulemaking, or e-rulemaking, offers the potential to overcome some of the informational challenges associated with developing regulations. E-rulemaking refers to the use of digital technologies in the development and implementation of regulations. The use of these technologies may help streamline and improve regulatory management, such as by helping agency staff retrieve and analyze vast quantities of information from diverse sources. By taking better advantage of advances in digital technologies, agencies might also be able to increase the public's access to and involvement in rulemaking. Part I of this article details the rulemaking process, outlining the procedures agencies must currently follow in developing new regulations and highlighting some of the problems generally associated with rulemaking. Part II considers ways that information technology may be able to improve the rulemaking process, as well as discusses some of the chief goals, choices, and challenges associated with e-rulemaking. Part III presents a cross-disciplinary agenda for research intended to contribute to e-rulemaking's long-term potential for improving government regulation and enhancing the management and legitimacy of the rulemaking process.