Democratization is an ongoing process that should ideally be neither stopped nor ever fully completed. It moves continually further, ever expanding its frontiers. Thus, there are good reasons to speak of the political, socio-economic and civil dimensions of democratic transition. Simultaneously, every transformation, by definition, involves something uncertain, fluid, and ambiguous. Democratization tends necessarily to produce a great number of conflicts, tensions, and risks that all must be properly understood and managed. In this paper, the author examines the relationship between democratic transformation and conflict management by paying attention to the non-traditional security problems we face in the process of democratic transformation. This paper is a case study of the Korean experience of democratic transformation viewed through the lens of conflict management in the process of dual democratization. Its objective is to test the viability of democratic transformation against the theme of non-traditional security challenges by paying attention to the Korean experience.