2003
Publication:
Fannie Mae Foundation
This study examines Canadian housing policy changes since 1990 that have affected nonequity housing for lower-income households in Ontario. Ontario has four distinct nonequity housing models: public, nonprofit cooperative, municipal nonprofit, and private nonprofit. Sousa and Quarter argue that since 1990 housing policy in Canada, and particularly in Ontario, has become increasingly influenced by the U.S. neoconservative agenda of downsizing and decentralization of government functions and by the increased reliance on the private sector to house lower-income households. Sousa and Quarter find that the housing policy changes have caused the four nonequity housing models to become very much alike in terms of management and administration. Based on these findings and on an experimental project in tenant management, they argue that the trend toward convergence will continue and will likely result in a single Canadian nonequity housing model for lower-income households. As the authors note, for many years, Canada has placed more emphasis than the United States on nonequity models for housing lower-income households. The Canadian housing inventory and provider systems are consequently substantially different from U.S. counterparts. While in recent years both countries have pursued market-based solutions to providing housing and other services to lower-income households, Sousa and Quarter expect that this new emphasis will be less effective in Canada, where private-sector incentives are less developed.
 
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