The Arizona E-Qual system is an online platform that seeks to modernize Arizona’s election process by allowing citizens to sign nominating petitions for candidates seeking to appear on the ballot for a given office. In order to appear on a ballot, prospective candidates are required to submit petitions to the Secretary of State, indicating a certain threshold of existing public support. The number of required signatures varies based on the scope of the office and the party of the petitioner. Previously, candidates in Arizona had to receive a specified number of signatures on a paper petition (anywhere from 200 to 35,000 signatures, depending on the office and party line) to obtain official certification from the Secretary of State and appear on the relevant ballot. As a result, campaigns had often resorted to shortcuts, such as forging signatures and personal information culled from local phone books.