January 1, 2005
John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

This study compiles 1990 and 2000 U.S. Census data on Native Americans residing on reservations and in designated Indian statistical areas in the lower 48 U.S. States. Gaming and non-gaming areas are compared to each other and to the U.S. as a whole. Data on fifteen measures ranging from income and poverty to employment and housing conditions indicate that, although substantial gaps remain between America's Native population and the rest of the U.S., rapid economic development is taking place among gaming and non-gaming tribes alike.

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